Chapter 8: The Female Deities
- Demeter: is there a persuasive etymology, or partial etymology, of her name?
- Hestia isp the hearth goddess: what is the name of her Roman equivalent?
- Aphrodite (___________ in Rome): her “constant companion”, _________ (in Latin ___________) is her son by __________.
- She was first worshipped in the Late Bronze Age (the ______ century BC to be preceise) in the form of a conical ___________ on the island of _________.
- Why is she sometimes called by the epithet C___________?
- What “striking feature” does Powell mention in the cult practice of Aphrodite and Inanna /________ /Astrate?
- What do you suppose “fecundating power” might mean?
- Sappho, from the island of ________, was a poet who wrote / performed personal (lyric) poems about the ___________ appeal of young _______.
- What promsises does Aphrodite make to Sappho in the poem (197-98):
- if she runs, (I, Aphrodite) will make her ________;
- if she will not take your gifts, (I, Aphrodite) will make her ________;
- if she does not love you, (I, Aphrodite) will make her _______ you even ________ her will.
- Hermaphroditus was “unified” with the nymph _________ who loved him, to become the first intersex person.
- Priapism, one of those things they warn about in viagra commercials, is derived from the god __________, whose image was used to ward of the _______ ______.
- “Pygmalion … started living a celibate life. … he presently carved himself a ______ … of ________, pure and white.
- “Venus’ feast day arrived, be;oved by the people of _________ . / Victims with _________ _______s bowed snowy necks and were slaughtered.
- or “The day came / For the festival of Venus—an uproar / of processions through all _________. / Snowy heifers, horns ________, kneeled / Under the axe, at the altars.” Ted Hughes, “Pygmalion” in Tales from Ovid.
- The penultimate stanza of the Ted Hughes version is this (what part of the myth does it describe/)
- “And there / (sc Pygmalion) pressed his lips / On lips that were alive. / She woke to his kisses and blushed / To find herself kissing / The one who kissed her / And opened her eyes for the first time / To the light and her lover together.”
- What two events that conclude the myth do you think the last stanza describes?
- What was the statue named?
- What was the child named?
- “No wonder that Aphrodite was smitten as soon as she saw him.” Hymn to Aphrodite, 50. Who is “him”? Who cast the spell that smote her?
- Make a list of the descriptors used for Aphrodite and the other gods in the poem, Hymn to Aphrodite:
i. line 1
ii. line 2
iii. line 58
iv. line 73
v. line 83
vi. line 97
vii. line 143
viii. line 175
ix. line 291
i. line 7
i. line 14
ii. line 108
i. line 20
ii. line 29
i. line 24
ii. line 32
iii. line 172
iv. line 185
i. line 35
- the temple of Aphrodite on Cyprus
i. line 52
i. line 84
i. line 107
ii. line 111
iii. line 118
iv. line 137
v. line 194 (2)
vi. line 271
i. line 140
- Tros (father of Ganymede)
i. line 197
- Mountain nymphs
i. line 265
ii. line 289
i. line 294
- Who was Aeneas?
- The name _________ is not Greek. … Homer calls her P________ T________ “Mistress of _________”.
- What drove St Paul from Ephesus?
- Artemis, paradoxically, is the pre-eminent _________ goddess.
- When a woman died suddenly, without explanation, she was “_____________________”.
- Who tells the story of Niobe in the Iliad, and why?
- How many children did she have?
- Why were they shot? How long did they lie unburied?
- What happened to Niobe?
- Orion was in love with the daughter of ___________, (wine-face); he impatiently _______ her, whereupon Wine-face (_____________) blinded him. He sets off with a boy on his shoulders (why?) and evetually gets together with Eos, the _________ goddeess. Artemis kills him by putting a __________ on his head. In the end both are catasterized (turned into stars).
- How many nymphs help Artemis with her bath?
- What happens to Actaeon and why?
- Athena’s name is mentioned in ___________ tablets from the Late Bronze age, more precisely, the _________ century BC.
- What is the Parthenon?
- Figure 8.6 What was portrayed in sculpture on the Parthenon’s west pediment?
- Who was Lord Elgin?
- Athena’s emblem is the ____________, and the ___________ tree.
- Her common epithet is ______________eyed.
- She was protectress of all __________; and of _______ and _________.
- She protects ________ing and __________try.
- She directed the building of the ___________, the first ship, and the Trojan ________.
- Where does the aegis come from __________ a __________ in the _________machy.
- Figure 8.7 the ______________ vase, filled with _____________, was given to winners at the ________________________.
- Describe the scene dipicted on the vase.
- How many tassels does the aegis have? How much is each worth?
- Athena represents ____________ control over elemental force; she teaches strategy and __________________ in war.
- She established ___________, as opposed to vengence.
- She was associated with wisdom only in the __________________.
- The inner relief of the Parthenon shows the _________________ of high born _________s and ___________s carrying sacred _____________.
- Sacrificial _______________s were led to the __________ where a new __________ (called the Peplos) was presented to her cult statue.